Coriander

Coriander-Original state
Coriander-Original state

        
        Latin:
        Herba Coriandrum sativum L
         
        Origin:
        Coriander is the whole plant of Coriandrum sativum L., an annual plant, of the family Umbelliferae/Apiaceae.
       Records of the use of coriander date to 5,000 BC. Native to the Mediterranean and Middle East regions, the Romans used it to flavor bread. It was once used as an aromatic and carminative. The food-herb is now cultivated in Europe, Morocco, and the United States for its seeds, which are used to flavor many foods, particularly sausages, curries, Scandinavian pastries, liqueurs, and confectionery, such as English comfits. Its delicate young leaves are also widely used in Latin-American, Indian, and Chinese dishes.
       The plant produces a slender, hollow stem 30 to 60 mm high with bipinnate leaves and small flowers in pink or whitish umbels. The fruits, or seeds, are two semiglobular fruits joined on the commisural, or inner, sides (a schizocarp), giving the appearance of a single, smooth, nearly globular fruit about 5 mm in diameter. They are yellowish brown and have a mild, fragrant aroma and aromatic taste similar to a combination of lemon peel and sage.
       Coriander is planted all over China for diet and medicinal use, picked and gathered when the fruit ripens in August and used when fresh or dried in the sun, it is cut into sections and used raw.
       See also Food, Vegetables, Coriander.
         
        Properties:
        Pungent in flavor, warm in nature, it is related to the lung, spleen and stomach channels.
         
        Functions:
        Relieves exterior syndromes, promotes eruption, induces appetite and promotes digestion, keeps adverse qi flowing downward.
         
        Applications:
        Coriander is used to treat slow eruption of measles and food retention.
       Being pungent, warm, aromatic and dispersing, this herb can relieve exterior syndromes, dispel cold and promote eruption onto the superficies. For the treatment of exterior syndromes due to pathogenic wind-cold, measles without smooth eruption, the appearance of measles eruptions but then the symptoms recede again, it can be used alone by making a decoction for local fumigation and washing or in combination with other herbs that relieve exterior syndromes and promote eruption.
       In traditional Chinese thought, the condition of skin rash appearing in measles or German measles is an indication for its prognosis. Full eruption is believed to have a good prognosis. While those with scarce and gloomy eruptions are susceptible to complications such as pneumonia and other problems. Hence, assistance in skin rash eruptions is one of the best remedies for measles. Coriander is good to use in skin eruptions.
       Recipe example: Cut 50 g coriander into small pieces. Fry it with 200 g shredded pork and add suitable amount of soybean sauce and onion pieces. Serve it as a sidedish.
       In addition, this herb stimulates the appetite and promotes digestion, so it can be used for food therapy or as a seasoning in the diet.
         
        Dosage and Administration:
        3-6 g.
       To be eaten after quick-boiled in boiling water, stir-fried, or to be decocted for oral administration or external bathing. An adequate amount for external use.
         
        Cautions on Use:
        It should be avoided by those who have measles without adequate eruption due to excessive toxic heat.
       Also, take note to use coriander at the right time, i.e., at the early stage of the disease when skin rash is scarce. When the disease enters its 3rd day or over, when eruptions are very dense, do not use it further, or the condition will be aggravated. Use it as a seasoning with other foods the patient likes.
         
        Reference Materials:
        Supplementary Shen Nong's Herbal Classic with Pictures : "It removes toxic heat from the limbs, alleviates headache, treats measles. If measles do not appear, make the coriander into a wine and spray it over the skin; they will appear immediately."
       Compendium of Materia Medica : "Being pungent, warm, aromatic and penetrating, coriander can spread its effects inward to the heart and spleen and outward to the limbs and is therefore to eliminate all pathogens."
         
        Toxic or Side Effects:
         
        Modern Researches:
        Coriander contains an essential oil (volatile oil), fatty acid, decanal, nonahal, linalool, potassium malate, vitamin C, aromatic alcohol, etc.
       For self protection, the outer skin (bark) of many plants contains essential oil, which in turn has elements that serve as an immediate chemical defense against herbivores and pathogens. How? There is an element called hydroxynitrile glucoside in essential oil. This element will release toxic hydrogen cyanide by endogenous plant glucosidase upon tissue disruption (see Anne Vinther Morant, Kirsten Jorgensen, Charlotte Jorgensen, Suzanne Michelle Paquette, Raquel Sanchez-Perez, Birger Lindberg Moller, and Soren Bak, "beta-Glucosidases as Detonators of Plant Chemical Defense," Phytochemistry Vol. 69, Issue 9 (June 2008), pp. 1,795-1,813).
       Glucosidase is a catalyzing enzyme that improves healthy functions of our body. It is a lipase that decomposes fat; it can also check inflammation and improve memory (see Mikako Sakurai, Masayuki Sekiguchi, Ko Zushida, Kazuyuki Yamada, Satoshi Nagamine, Tomohiro Kabuta and Keiji Wada, "Reduction in memory in passive avoidance learning, exploratory behaviour and synaptic plasticity in mice with a spontaneous deletion in the ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 gene," European Journal of Neuroscience Vol. 27, Issue 3 (February 2008), pp. 691-701).